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  © Michal Derela, 2020

Polish armoured train Nr. 11 ("Danuta") – the gallery

The page contains a walkaround gallery of Polish World War II armoured train Nr.11 (former "Danuta"), destroyed and abandoned by the crew during the battle of the Bzura on 16 September 1939 near Jackowice village. The train halted an advance of the German 31st Infantry Regiment in an open terrain. Finally, the Germans managed to pull anti-tank guns and scored two hits on the locomotive, killing the crew. Since the train was running out of ammunition, Cpt. B. Korobowicz ordered to abandon the train. According to one crewman's report, the wagons were blown up by the crew, but German photographs, revealed mostly only in the 21st century, do not confirm it... Judging from a number of photos, that keep being revealed in the Internet from private collections, apparently it was the third most often photographed Polish armoured train (after Nr. 13 and Nr. 12 trains).

The photographs come from different sources, and were mostly taken by anonymous German soldiers. They are published in non commercial educational and research purpose, arranged in order and annotated by us. A quality of many photographs, as presented here, is not best, but they all give valuable insight. Most of photos can be enlarged. We are looking for new photos, or better scans of exisitng ones - contributors will be credited.

Armoured train Nr 11
Unique photo of the destroyed armoured train Nr. 11 – one of few color photos from the 1939 campaign. The burned down front artillery wagon and tender with command tower are clearly visible. On a march, Polish armoured trains tended to drive the tender forward, which provided the commander with better observation of the foreground, although it obviously depended on actual possibility. In combat conditions the train drove in either direction. Judging from shades, the train was apparently photographed (and attacked) from the south. During the last fight, it was maneuvering on the right track, leading from Łowicz to Kutno (to the left), it is not known in which direction when it was destroyed.
   The armoured train consisted of – from the right: combat flatcar, leading twin-turret artillery wagon, armoured locomotive Ti3-12 with the tender and commander's turret, assault (infantry) wagon with radio, second artillery wagon and second combat flatcar.
   Below: a view of the same side, from the rear. The leading wagon is still burning.
Armoured train Nr 11
Below: poor quality photograph showing the train from longer perspective from its left side (click for a wider scene).
Armoured train Nr 11

Armoured trains of the 1st Unit: Nos 11, 12, 13, 14, 15
Armoured train Nr 11 DanutaPhotos of the train's right side, from the front.

Burning train. Visible are spoked wheels, differing from Nr. 12 train's wagons of the same type, which had full wheels.
Armoured train Nr 11 Danuta The burned out wagon. Visible is 100 mm howitzer wz. 14/19 in the closer turret and 75 mm wz. 02/26 cannon in farther turret. In the middle of the roof, there is a turret with a 7.92 mm wz. 08 Maxim machine gun. A wagon of this type had a total of eight machine guns in the walls and corners and one anti-aircraft machine gun.
Armoured train Nr 11 Danuta Close-up of the burned-out wagon with paint peeled off. The rear door of the artillery turret is apparent in this shot. A 7.92 mm wz. 08 Maxim machine gun in a side drum mounting is well visible. On the side there is Polish national Eagle emblem (a purpose of its base is not clear).
Armoured train Nr 11 Close-up view of the Ti3-12 locomotive from the rear. The top of the door is open and shaded, making it invisible. The lightning symbol on the cover of the steam collector was used on locomotives of the 1st Armoured Train Unit from Legionowo and was to warn of the traction wires in Warsaw Railway Junction.
Armoured train Nr 11 Danuta Close up of the driver's cab. Interestingly, compared to the photo above, there is no burnt paint and there is only one hole in the armored shutter - perhaps the already captured train was used as a target for further shooting?
Armoured train Nr 11 A closer view of the burned leading wagon with German soldiers. The other 7.92 mm wz. 08 (Maxim) in a drum mounting is visible. The bicycle-powered trolley could have been transported on the flatcar.
Armoured train Nr 11 The tender and smoky artillery wagon.
Armoured train Nr 11 A view of the locomotive and artillery wagon from a perspective. The locomotive has peeled off paint on the cab.
Armoured train Nr 11 Earlier photograph of Ti3-12 locomotive and smoky wagon.
Armoured train Nr 11 A selfie as above, with assault wagon visible.
Armoured train Nr 11 Well visible details of the assault wagon, like roof aerial, doors in end wall, a window with a shutter (not typical in Polish wagons), and a shape of undercarriage covers.
Armoured train Nr 11 A farther photograph.
Armoured train Nr 11 A view of the assault wagon and the rear artillery wagon. Significant barrels of Maxim wz. 08 machine guns are visible. It is worth noting that the dark brown color in the photographs of this train is particularly contrasting, when compared to the photos of most other Polish trains (possibly differences in the paint?).
Armoured train Nr 11 A view of the assault wagon (with open shutters) and rear artillery wagon.
Armoured train Nr 11 Well visible 75 mm wz. 02/26 cannon in higher turret and 100 mm wz. 14/19 howitzer in lower turret. On the flatcar there is a hand pump.
Armoured train Nr 11 A view of the rear artillery wagon. The rear flatcar was ordinary Pdks class, mobilized by PKP Polish State Railways, presumably in brown color. The leading flatcar, not visible well on photographs, was modified with equipment boxes.
Armoured train Nr 11 ...the train was very popular among "tourists" – if anyone had seen German armoured train of that period, Polish unit was much more impressive and powerful. Polish-built Type II artillery wagons of Cegielski Works were among largest wagons in World War II armoured trains, anyway.
Armoured train Nr 11 As it shows, the German Army had cavalry as well...
Armoured train Nr 11 The machine gun has been removed from corner mounting on this photograph.

Armoured train Nr 11 A view from the same right side, but the train has been moved to some unidentified station – more tracks are visible.
Armoured train Nr 11 A view from the front in the same place. The eagle emblem from the artillery wagon has been collected by some "souvenir hunter" (the same on the photo above).

Armoured train Nr 11 Partly obscured, one of very few photographs showing the train in its place from the left side.

An aerial photograph – we are looking for bigger version.
Armoured trains of the 1st Unit: Nos 11, 12, 13, 14, 15

A gallery of Nr.11 train's draisines on separate page

Back to Nr.11 ("Danuta") train page

All additional photos (or exisiting ones in better quality) and comments are welcome

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All photos and pictures remain the property of their owners. They are published in non-commercial educational and research purpose.
Text and arrangement copyright to Michal Derela.